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What's Going Around?

Allergies

Seasonal allergies, or hayfever, are very common at this time of year. Typical symptoms include watery, itchy, red eyes; a clear runny nose; sneezing; and an itchy palate or throat. The most common triggers are trees in the spring, grasses in the summer, and weeds in the fall!

Effective non-sedating medications are now available for children over the age of 2 without a prescription for treatment of seasonal allergies. These include loratadine (generic Claritin), Claritin, and Zyrtec. These medications can be given as needed for allergy symptoms. If you think your child has seasonal allergies and he or she is not responding to medication OR if you are not sure, please make an appointment in our office.

Many children do not require allergy testing if they respond to treatment with medication as needed.



See Also: Eye - Allergy


Cough

We are currently seeing children and adolescents with cough, typically one of the most prominent and bothersome symptoms of viral respiratory infections at this time of year. Coughing is an important and beneficial reflex that our bodies need to clear secretions and to keep open our major airways during the course of a viral cold or upper respiratory infection. However, severe or persistent cough can be associated with asthma, pneumonia, sinus infections, and bronchiolitis, and should be evaluated by your health care provider.



See Also: Previous diagnosis of asthma, see Asthma Attack If you are coughing because of an Asthma Attack, see Asthma Attack Any Chest Pain If you have a Common Cold, see Colds Colds Cough Barky cough and hoarseness, see Croup If Earache is your main concern, see Earache Wheezing but no previous diagnosis of asthma, see Wheezing (Other Than Asthma)


Influenza

Among the many viruses we see causing respiratory illness right now, the influenza virus (commonly called "the flu") can be particularly severe. Infection with the influenza virus causes sudden onset of a fever, chills, dry cough, and muscle aches. Other symptoms include headache, fatigue, sore throat, and nasal congestion.

Some children are at increased risk of more serious illness from influenza, because of conditions such as diabetes, asthma, immunity problems, or being treated with immune-suppressing medications.  They are especially vulnerable to complications, and should get vaccinated as soon as possible. The "Seasonal Flu Shot"  or the "Seasonal Nasal FluMist" that has been administered to many people this year protects against Influenza A, B and H1N1.

Please get a vaccination if you and your child have not yet had it this year!



See Also: Flu Influenza - Seasonal Influenza Exposure


Strep Throat

We are currently seeing quite a bit of strep throat. If your child has a fever, sore throat, headache, or stomachache without any other viral symptoms like congestion or cough, it may be strep throat. Bacteria, called Group A strep, cause this type of sore throat. To diagnose strep throat, your physician will require a swab of your child's throat, and antibiotics will be needed if the strep test is positive.



See Also: Sore Throat Strep Throat Exposure


Tuberculosis

October 2017 - Two live cases of Tuberculosis were found at Dr. Henry A. Wise, Jr. High School in Upper Marlboro, MD. Those infected with TB are under treatment. Information about TB can be found here.